Type 2 Diabetes: Diet Tips

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Fortunately, it can be treated with a healthy diet, exercise, and medication, as all of these means effectively control blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes: diet tips

That being said, type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, but do you know what it means to have a diet? In this disease, the human pancreas is able to produce insulin, but the cells in the body do not react to it in the normal way. Therefore, type 2 diabetes can be considered as insulin resistance or intolerance.

When type 2 diabetes is in its early stages, the pancreas tries to compensate for this resistance by producing more insulin. Over time, however, the body is unable to maintain this production, and thus is unable to produce a sufficient amount of insulin.

When glucose is not absorbed into the cells as well as normally, too much sugar builds up in the blood, leading to two different problems:

  1. First, cells do not have enough energy at their disposal.
  2. In addition, high blood sugar levels can damage a person’s eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.

Fortunately, type 2 diabetes is manageable with some lifestyle changes. A balanced diet, medication, and use of insulin provide good results, and these are the most common ways to keep a patient stable.

In addition, there are some nutrients that are good for people with diabetes and they help regulate the body’s glycemic index. Thus, the following foods need to be added to the diet of every person with type 2 diabetes.

Diet tips for treating type 2 diabetes


Changes in diet, regular exercise, and medication can all be good ways to keep your body’s glucose levels at bay. Therefore, a healthy diet is usually part of the main treatment for people with type 2 diabetes.


Type 2 diabetes is relieved by eating the right types of carbohydrates
Healthy carbohydrates can be a good help in controlling diabetes.

Sugars – including glucose – belong to carbohydrates, and therefore many believe that reducing or eliminating them from the diet as such can cure or control diabetes.

However, it is not quite that simple. However, even if sugar intake is reduced or stopped altogether, this disease cannot be completely cured.

There are two types of compounds in carbohydrates, and both of these compounds play an important role in the treatment of diabetes:

  • Simple sugars or simple carbohydrates quickly release large amounts of glucose into the blood. White sugar, some sweeteners, fruits, juices, sugary drinks, milk, yogurt, chocolate and pastries contain these types of sugars.
  • Starch or complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, release sugar more slowly and in a healthier way. Some of the products included in such carbohydrates are rice, pasta, potatoes, bread and cereals.

It is therefore necessary to reduce sugar intake in general in order to effectively manage diabetes.  Fortunately, there are some natural sweeteners available that are better at keeping your body glucose levels good. These are recommended for use in the diet of diabetics instead of sugar.

Natural sweeteners: alternatives to sugar for people with type 2 diabetes


Stevia has become quite a popular product and is now available in many different varieties. When it comes to natural sweeteners, stevia is perhaps the most important of these, as it provides good taste, but it does not bring calories into the body at all.

It is an excellent product for anyone with diabetes. It helps to make the glucose levels more stable and normal, and thus it can be said that stevia is able to fight the harm caused by type 2 diabetes in the body to a certain extent.

In addition, it has positive effects on glucose tolerance and body weight. The characteristics of Stevia are therefore perfectly suited to this disease.

Oils and fats

People with diabetes should carefully control the amount of fat they get from their diet.

Unlike carbohydrates, eating fatty foods usually does not directly affect the symptoms of diabetes, but large amounts can cause glucose regulation problems.

Likewise, the disadvantages of fat can include being overweight and obese. Fat can alter metabolism and, in general, human health, and this is especially true for those with diabetes.

Thus, a person with type 2 diabetes should avoid saturated fats, which are often found in foods such as burgers, fried products, bacon and butter.

Instead of putting such dishes on your plate, choose products with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats as they are better for your health.  Foods with so-called good fats include fish, nuts, and vegetable oils, for example.


Fiber is good for humans anyway, and is especially helpful in treating diabetes. You can get fiber from oats, barley, fruits, vegetables and legumes – there are alternatives.

Fiber slows down digestion as well as the absorption of carbohydrates into the body, and therefore helps regulate the amount of glucose in the blood that increases after meals. Therefore, fiber can be a very effective aid in regulating glycemic levels in all diabetics.

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