Pregnancy poisoning is a complication of pregnancy that can be caused by, among other things, high blood pressure or kidney damage. It is given to 5-8% of pregnant women and can be really dangerous for both mother and baby.
Pregnancy poisoning usually occurs in the last trimester. However, it can also appear during childbirth, in the second trimester of pregnancy, or even in the first weeks after childbirth.
The disease in question can be mild or severe. Thus, mainly if not treated properly or in a timely manner, it can lead to more serious diseases such as eclampsia or HELLP syndrome.
Why does gestational poisoning occur?
Pregnancy poisoning is due to less blood entering the placenta. Thus, the placenta does not implant itself properly in the walls of the uterus, and the arteries in that area do not dilate as much as they should.
Chronic high blood pressure and diabetes can also reduce blood flow to the placenta. Some experts believe that gestational poisoning occurs in early pregnancy, even if the symptoms do not develop until later.
Symptoms of gestational poisoning
Some women who are diagnosed with gestational poisoning do not develop the symptoms characteristic of the disease. Thus, not all women also suffer from similar symptoms.
The main problem is that some symptoms of gestational poisoning, such as nausea and swelling, can be interpreted as normal gestational symptoms .
Therefore, physicians should learn to recognize the warning signs of this complication in a timely manner.
For mild gestational poisoning
- High blood pressure
- Liquid accumulation
- Protein in urine
In case of severe gestational poisoning
- Headache and blurred vision
- Inability to tolerate bright lights
- Fatigue, nausea and vomiting
- Decreased need to urinate
- Upper abdominal pain, usually on the right side
- Getting bruises easily
It is very important to remember that not all women with gestational poisoning suffer from visible swelling or major weight gain. Also, not all women with such symptoms have gestational poisoning. As we mentioned earlier, the symptoms can be confusing.
Risk factors for gestational poisoning
Obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure are serious risk factors associated with pregnancy poisoning.
Many other factors can also increase the risk of this disease. If this is the woman’s first pregnancy, or she has previously had high blood pressure or kidney damage, or has a family history of gestational poisoning, her risk of developing it is much higher.
Similarly, women who are often pregnant, women who have previously had high blood pressure or gestational poisoning, or a body mass index greater than 30 are also at higher risk of developing it. Pregnant women under the age of 20 or over the age of 40 can also get pregnancy poisoning more easily.
At regular check-ups, your doctor will examine:
- Blood pressure
- The amount of urine
- Blood tests
In addition, there are other ways to control the occurrence of this problem, such as:
- Blood coagulation and renal function testing
- Ultrasound images
- Doppler ultrasound examinations
Despite these tests, there is no surefire way to prevent this disease, as not all the factors that lead to its occurrence are controllable.
Indeed, health experts generally recommend a balanced diet, exercise, and regular health check-ups.
Periodic check-ups allow this, as well as many other complications, to be detected early.
Treatment depends on the condition of the pregnancy. If the disease occurs close to the date of birth and the baby is fully developed, health professionals are likely to strive to initiate labor as soon as possible.
If the gestational poisoning is mild and the baby has not yet developed, treatment will depend on increased check-ups. Your doctor will also ask you to include more protein in your diet.
It is also important to eat less salt and drink plenty of water. In addition, it is important to rest a lot. The patient should lie on their left side to push the baby’s weight away from the largest blood vessels.
If a woman suffers from severe gestational poisoning, health professionals may prescribe medications to control blood pressure in addition to the treatments listed above.
Pregnancy poisoning is a serious pregnancy complication that can endanger the health of the mother and her unborn baby. So you should keep an eye on it and take it seriously if it hurts in your place.