Feeling exhausted or your heart beating… has this ever happened to you? This is usually not a major health problem, but sometimes it may be a heart disorder that is worth considering. Cardiac arrhythmias are the subject of this article.
What are cardiac arrhythmias?
At some point in your life, you may have seen a cardiac electrical curve that shows a graphical representation of your heart’s electrical activity. The expert evaluates the heart cycle and the overall functioning of the electrical impulses in your body. Your doctor will be able to tell you whether your arrhythmia causes a slight – or severe – change in your normal heart rate, which may impair your heart function in the long term.
Cardiac arrhythmias: different types
- Low heart rate. In this state, your heart rate is a little slower than normal and is usually not very severe. In some cases, medication may be necessary.
- Ventricular fibrillation. In this type of arrhythmia, the electrical function of the heart is deficient, which is very dangerous and requires immediate hospitalization. This condition often occurs in young people who engage in demanding exercise or sports and often leads to death. This is a very sad and serious condition. The only indication that you may be prone to this type of arrhythmia is a bandage that exposes you.
- Congenital long QT syndrome. This is another inherited disease where you suffer from short and sudden tachycardia and from time to time you may lose consciousness.
- Atrial fibrillation. About 50 percent of patients with this type of arrhythmia may have a sudden and severe arrhythmia without any clear symptoms that could predict the seizure. The only treatment is a pacemaker.
- Moderate tachycardia (PSVT). This arrhythmia usually occurs after strenuous exercise. It may take from a few minutes to several hours and then end. It is associated with sharp chest pain and may be seen in childhood as an abnormality of the heart muscle. That is why regular inspections are important.
Cardiac arrhythmias: symptoms
Pay attention to the following symptoms, which may indicate that you have a heart arrhythmia. But most of all, remember that any symptom – no matter how minor – should be reported to your doctor:
- Palpitations: this is by far the most common symptom. Palpitations can occur after strenuous exertion or at rest without any provocation. But keep your reserves – sometimes you don’t notice the feeling in your chest but rather in your neck.
- Dizziness: This symptom occurs very often after physical exertion. You may first notice an increased heart rate, then dizziness followed by loss of consciousness.
- Shortness of breath or exhaustion: you may feel the need to take a deeper breath after exercise, even if you have not put a lot of strain on yourself. You feel cold sweat and fatigue go up. Your head spins and you feel a strong pumping sensation in your chest or neck. This is very serious, so be sure to tell your doctor.
- Heart failure: this symptom is very severe. If this happens to you, you’ll probably end up in the hospital feeling like you can’t breathe. You are on the verge of shortening and need immediate help.
- Fainting: This happens when, your brain does not get enough blood and you faint immediately. You may recover quickly and not pay much attention to it. But remember that there is always a reason for fainting and you should tell your doctor what happened, even if you hope and feel completely well.
Guidelines for taking care of heart health
You probably already know that most heart disorders are the result of inherited genetic factors or even damage during childbirth. But it must also be remembered that 60% of deaths from heart failure can be avoided with a healthy lifestyle. Follow these tips:
1. Monitor your weight
Always try to maintain a healthy weight and avoid being overweight.
2. Follow a balanced diet
A balanced diet includes plenty of fish, lean meat, nuts, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, olive oil, fruits, vegetables…
3. Keep an eye on your cholesterol levels
This is basic because high cholesterol levels damage your body’s blood vessels and arteries.
4. Sleep enough
7-8 hours a night is a healthy amount.
5. Exercise reasonably but regularly
Try to get outside and walk daily, or start running or biking. Your arteries are healthier and lower your blood pressure.
6. Reduce stress and anxiety
Take good care of your mental state and try to reduce the pressures and worries of daily life. Say yes to a healthy lifestyle where you can enjoy time with friends and family and all the little things in life. Your heart thanks you!